I.Phonetics( 5 points)
Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A,B,C and D.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
【A】1.A.penalty B.moment C.quarrel D.absent
【C】2.A.sympathy B.material C.courage D.analysis
【B】3.A.starvation B.suggestion C.satisfaction D.situation
【D】4.A.donkey B.turkey C.money D.obey
【B】5.A.revise B.consist C.advertise D.visit
Ⅱ.Vocabulary and Structure ( 15 points)
Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet。
6.Jonathan and Joe left the house to go for___after supper.
B.the walk
D.a walk
【解析】句意:晚饭后,乔纳森和乔离开了房子去散步。go for a walk是固定用法,意为“出去走走,去散步”,与take a walk同义。
7.He pointed at the new car and asked,“___is it?Have you ever seen it before?”
【解析】句意:他指着那辆新轿车问道;“那辆车是谁的?你以前见过吗?”疑问代词whose用来询问物品的所有者,意为“谁的(东西) ”。why为什么;where哪里;who谁。
8.My father asked___to help with his work.
A.I and Tom
B.Tom and me
C.me and Tom
D.Tom and I
【解析]何意:我的父亲叫我和汤姆帮他干活。单数人称并列时,顺序为“第二人称,第三人称,第一人称”;复数人称并列时,顺序为“第一人称,第二人称,第三人称”。此处为单数人称并列作宾语,故选Tom and me。
9.Nowadays little knowledge___to be a dangerous thing.
C.does seem
D.do seem
【解析】意:如今,知识既乏似乎的确是一件危险的事。由句首的nowadays可以判断, 该句的时在为一般现在时,故排除B项。little knowledge表示的是否定意义,是不可数名词,故谓语动词要用单数,故排除A项和D项。does在这里是助动词, 表示强调。
10.If their marketing team succeeds,they___their profits by 20 percent.
A.will increase
B.would be increasing
C.will have increased
D.would have been increasing
11.You’d better take these documents with you___you need them for the meeting.
B.in case
D.so that
【解析】句意:你最好带上这些文件,以防会议中你会用到。in case可引导目的状语从句,意为“以防,以备”,so that也可引导目的状语从句,意为“以便,为了”,所以in case符合题意。unless除非;until直到。
12.1 haven’t been to a pop festival before and Mike hasn’t___.
B.as well
13.___is known to the world, Mark Twain was a great American writer.
14.John complained to the bookseller that there were several pages___in the dictionary.
【解析】句意:约翰向书店老板投诉, 说字典中缺少了好几页。missing意为“缺失的”,符合题意。lacking缺乏的;losing失败的;drop pig掉落的。
15.Not until the game had begun___at the sports ground.
A.should he have arrived
B.would he have arrived
C.did he arrive
D.had he arrived
【解析】句意:直到比赛开始他才到达运动场。not until引导时间状语从句时主句要部分倒装。从句中的时态为过去完成时,故主句中的时态应为一般过去时,故选C。
16.Moviegoers know that many special effects are created by computers.___they often don’t know is that these scenes still require a lot of work.
17.The president is to give a formal___at the opening ceremony.
【解析】句意:总统将在开幕式上做正式讲话。give a speech为固定搭配,意为“发表讲话,做演讲”。debate辩论,争论;discussion讨论;argument论点,争论。
18.When I am confronted with such questions,my mind goes___,and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.
【解析】句意:当我遇到这些问题时,我头脑一片空白,我甚至记不起自己的生日。ones mind goes blank是固定表达,意为“头脑一片空白”。faint模糊的;dark黑暗的;blind盲目的。
19.If they are willing to lend us the money we need,all our problems will be___.
【解析】句意:如果他们愿意借给我们那笔我们需要的钱的话,我们的一切问题都将迎刃而解。solve problems为固定表达,意为“解决问题”。caused引起;covered覆盖;met遇到。
20.This article___more attention to the problem of cultural conflicts.
A.cares for
B.allows for
C.applies for
D.calls for
【解析】句意:这篇文章呼吁人们多关注文化冲突的问题。calls for意为“呼吁,提倡”,符合题意。cares for关心,照顾;allows for考虑到;applies for申请,请求。
Ⅲ.Cloze(30 points)
Directions:For each blank in the following passage,there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
What enables some people to get big creative breakthroughs while others only get small and non-creative breakdowns,blaming themselves and society?Are some people“gifted”?Are there other factors_21_work-factors that we have more control over than we think?
While nobody can deny the_22_that some people seem to be blessed with particular creativity,research shows that anyone can_23_their chances of coming up with new and original ideas_24_they would only engage themse lves more in the process of_25_.It’s the old Thomas Edison thing about“discovery_26_99 percent perspiration(汗水) and l percent inspiration.”27_,the studies prove this:great creative breakthroughs usually happen only_28_intense periods of struggle.It is sustained effort towards a specific goal_29_eventually prepares for great creative insights.
This kind of sustained effort does not always_30_immediate results,a fact that not only separates the innovators(革新者)from non-innovators,but_31_leads some people to conclude that it is just not_32_for them.“Maybe I should have gone to medical school like my mother wanted,”they wonder when the breakthrough is_33_to be found.Alas,one forgets during their inevitable encounters___34___
self-doubt,that the big surprise is never_35_.Indeed,it can happen at anytime and place.
【解析】此处表示“是否还有其他因素在起作用”,at work意为“(因素) 在起作用”,符合题意。
27.A.Sooner or later
B.Someday or other
C.Every now and then
D.Time and again
【解析】根据空格后的great creative breakthroughs、intense periods of struggle可知,此处表示的观点与前文一致,即研究一次又一次证明创造力离不开艰苦奋斗。time and again意为“屡次,再三”,符合题意。sooner or later迟早;someday or other总有一天; every now and then不时地,常常。
【解析】本句是一个强调句,意为“正是朝一个特定目标坚持不懈的努力为伟大的创新洞察力奠定了基础”。强调句的常用结构为“It is(was)
+被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+who/that..此处强调的是sustained effort towards a specific goal,故应填that。
【解析】not only…but also…为固定用法, 意为“不仅……而且…”
【解析】此处表示“与自我怀疑的不可避免的邂逅”,encounter with表示“遭遇,遇到”,符合题意。
B.used up
C.cleared off
【解析】此处表示“巨大的惊喜一定在不远处,它可能在任何时候、任何地点发生”。faraway意为“遥远的”,符合题意。used up用完,耗尽;cleared off摆脱,清除;nearby在……附近。
Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension(60 points)
Direct ins:There are five reading passages n this part Each passage is fol owed by four quest ins.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Passage One
Debate is a valuable way to practise communicating. It can also bring long-lasting rewards,especially for people working with Western businesses.The main activity of debate is presenting one’s opinion and supporting it with evidence,such as statistics or facts.It is away of persuasive communication.
Charles Lebeau helped create the“Discover Debate”method.He says debate is important to understanding how people communicate in Western business.Successful debaters learn how to give their opinion, reasons and support“What we are trying to do is to develop a kind of thinking or approach to discussion and how to interact(交流) with someone else’s opinion,rather than brush their opinion aside.”
Debate skills are also important in selling a product,he says.In that situation,the judges are the customers.“Soon Monday,for example,one company may come in and present their case to the customer and they’ll make as strong a case as they can.On Tuesday, the next day,another company will come in and present their case to the customer.Usually the party that can present the strongest case wins.”
Debate also strengthens critical thinking.In other words,it helps students learn to ask questions and try to understand someone’s reasons and evidence.
Mr.Lebeau points out that successful debaters learn to listen carefully to what other people are saying.Then,they look for the weak
points in someone else’s opinion or argument.He says debate teaches a systematic way of questioning.
Successful debaters also learn to thnk frm someone else’s point of view.Mr.Lebeau says debate can help broaden the mind.“There’s an expression in English:don’t criticize another person before you have walked in their shoes.I think the wonderful thing about debate is,it puts us in another person’s shoes.”
36.According to Paragraph 1,what is the purpose of debate?
A.To bring long-lasting material rewards.
B.To present evidence such as statistics and facts.
C.To respond to questions in a systematic way.
D.To persuade people to accept your opinions.
【解析】由第一段最后一句“It is away of persuasive communication.”可知,辩论是一种说服性的沟通方式,所以辩论的目的是为了说服别人接受自己的观点,故选D。
37.Why is debate important?
A.lt helps people understand others better.
B.It allows people to present their opinions.
C.It develops one’s thinking and communicative competence.
D.It gives one the opportunity to brush others’ opinion aside.
【解析】由第二段最后一句可知,Charles Lebeau等人创造“Discover Debate”method的用意是开发一种思维方式或与别人交流的方法,所以,辩论之所以重要是因为它可以提升一个人的思维能力和交流能力,故选C。
38.What does the underlined word“case”in Paragraph 3 refer to?
39.What can debaters benefit from “walking in another person’s shoes”?
A.Becoming more broad-minded.
B.Developing critical thinking.
C.Finding others’ weak points.
D.Trying out others’ methods.
【解析】根据文章最后一段的内容可知“walking in another person’s shoes”指站在他人的角度思考问题,而Lebeau认为辩论有利于拓宽人的胸襟,所以站在他人的角度思考问题可以变得心胸开阔.容纳不同的意见,故选A。
Passage Two
We all love a hero,and rescue dogs are some of the biggest heroes of all.You will often find them going above and beyond duty to saves me one,risking-and at times losing-their lives in the process.
Rescue dogs are generally found in the S poring and Hunting Groups,or from the Traditional Herding Group.These types include the Bloodhound,Labrador Retriever,Newfoundland,German Shepherd,Golden Retriever,and Belgian Malinois all of which are chosen for search-and-rescue duty because of their amazing physical strength,loyalty,and their tendency for mental stability.
These types also have a keen sense of hearing and smell-to better locate lost individuals—and are often able to access hard-to-reach areas.As highly trained animals,they serve in many different fields,including specialist search, snow slide rescue,dead body location,and tracking.
To overcome obstacles and succeed when performing the demanding duties of a search-and-rescue worker, a dog must display certain qualities.In addition to intelligence and strength,the dog must be swift,confident,easily trainable,adaptable,and have a high level of stamina (耐力) and endurance.A strong sense of group cooperation and an ability to engage in friendly play during“down”time is also required of search-and-rescue dogs.
A rescue dog goes through many, many hours of intensive training to be ft for duty.Training is not for the faint-hearted.Cert f cation training can take from two to three years,working three to four hours a day,three to six days a week,often in group,team-oriented sessions.
Each search-and-rescue field requires different types of training.Rescue training,for instance,includes“air scenting”–where dogs are trained to smell the air for the victim’s scent(气味) and then follow the scent to the person.This ability is crucial to finding victim sapped under collapsed buildings and snow slide.
40.Rescue dogs are chosen probably because___.
A.they are loyal
B.they are brave
C.they have amazing appearances
D.they have good eyesight
【解析】由第二段最后一句“all of which are chosen for…loyalty,and their tendency for mental stability”可知,挑选搜救犬的条件是强壮的体格、忠诚、心理稳定程度,故选A。
41.What does“faint-hearted”in Paragraph 5 mean?
42.Which ability is most important for dogs to
rescue people trapped in snow?
A.Sharp hearing.
B.Swift movement.
C.Extraordinary smelling.
D.A strong memory.
43.What is the passage mainly about?
A.Selection process of rescue dogs.
B.Qualities and training of rescue dogs.
C.Risks rescue dogs are faced with.
D.Types of tasks rescue dogs can perform.
Passage Three
Eating an apple a day doesn’t keep the doc or away,but it does reduce the amount of trips you make to the drugstore per year.That’s according to a new study that investigates whether there’s any truth in the old saying.
A team of researchers led by Dr Matthew Davis.of the University of Michigan School of Nursing,asked 8,399 participants to answer survey questions about diet and health.A total of 753 were apple eaters,consuming at least 149gofrawappleperday.The remaining 7,646 were classed as non-apple eaters.When both groups answered questions on trips to the doctor and trips to the drug store per
year,the apple eaters were found to be 27% less likely to visit the druggist for drugs.
Trips to the doctor were not significantly affected by apple consumption,though “Evidence does not support that an apple a day keeps the doctor away.However,the small number of US adults who eat an apple a day does appear to use fewer prescription medications,”the study concludes.
Apple eaters were also found to be less likely to smoke and be more likely to have a higher educational attainment than non-apple eaters.While apples do not compete with oranges they do contain some immune(免疫的) system-in er easing vitamin C,which maybe why apple-eaters visit the druggist less.With over 8mgofvitaminCper medium-sized fruit,an apple can provide roughly 14%your daily recommended intake.
Previous studies have a so linked apple consumption to a lower risk of Type 2 diabetes(二型糖尿病),improved lung function and a lower risk of colon(结肠) cancer.
44.How many non-apple eaters answered survey questions in the research?
45.What is the conclusion of the study?
A.Apple consumption has great y reduced US adults’ trips to the doctor.
B.An apple a day does keep the doctor away.
C.Apples are far more nutritious than oranges.
D.A small number of US adult apple eaters tend to take less medicine.
46.What can we learn from the passage?
A.Apples are better than oranges.
B.Apples do have some vitamin C to increase the immune system.
C.Apples can help cure certain diseases.
D.Apples can provide people with sufficient daily intake of energy.
【解析】由第四段第二句话中的“they do contain some immune system increasing vitamin C”可知,苹果中确实含有能增强免疫系统的维生素C,故选B。
47.What can be described as the writing style of this passage?
Passage Four
Sometimes I scratch my head when I read about the governments efforts to improve schools:new standards and tests to be applied,strict teacher evaluations,and threats of school closures and job losses.They frighten the school employees,not to mention the students.Instead of making people unable to solve problems or try new ideas—which is what fear does to us-research on school reform strongly suggests that policy-makers should encourage school leaders to take a more humane approach.In their study on the reform efforts of twelve Chicago public schools,Bryk and Schneider found that enabling positive social relationships between the adults was the key to successful school improvement and that trust was at the heart of those relationships.
Trust in schools comes down to one thing:psychological safety or safety to speak one’s mind,to discuss with openness and honesty what is and isn’t working,to make collective decisions.
Yet this kind of safety doesn’t come easily to schools.According to Bryk and Schneider,the adults in school rely on each other to do their jobs correctly and with integrity(正直) .The challenge is that our expectations are very diverse based on our unique backgrounds.
At one school where I taught, each teacher had different expectations about how much extra effort teachers should put into their work–a big difference between the teachers who left after the last bell and those who worked into the evening.And when expectations are unconscious or unspoken,it becomes impossible for others to live up to them.
We also make assumptions about the intentions behind a person’s behavior.As we all know,assumptions are often wrong.For example, parents and teachers may think the principal made a particular decision based on his career advancement rather than what’s best for the students.If we don’t feel psychologically safe to question our assumptions and expectations,trust flies out the window and our relationships suffer.
48.According to Paragraph 1, why does the author scratch his head?
A.Because he doesn’t know what to do once schools are closed.
B.Because he is not sure about the practicability of those new tests.
C.Because he is concerned that many teachers will lose their jobs.
D.Because he is not in favor of the government’s reform efforts.
49.According to Bryk and Schneider,what was most important for successful school improvement?
A.New standards and tests in schools.
B.Positive social relationships.
C.Strict teacher and student evaluations.
D.Assistance of the government.
【解析】由第一段最后一句中的“enabling positive social relationships…was the key to successful school improvement”可知,Bryk和Schneider认为积极的社会关系对成功的学校改革来说是最重要的,故选B。
50.What is meant by trust in school?
A.Freedom to express one’s views.
B.Extra effort teachers put into their work.
C.Independence of the teachers in schools.
D.Unconscious and unspoken expectations.
51.What does the author say about the assumptions made about the intentions behind a person’s behavior?
A.They should be trusted.
B.They are often bold.
C.They are often incorrect.
D.They should be encouraged.
Passage Five
An interesting project called Blue Zones is recording the lifestyle secrets of the communities with the highest concentrations of centenarians in the world.
The people in the five regions in Europe,Latin America,Asia and the US that live to be 100havealot going for them.Genes probably play a small role, but these folks also have strong social ties,tightly-knit families and lots of opportunities to exercise.
As we were examining the dietary secrets of the Blue Zones,as described in author Dan Buettner’s latest book,The Blue Zones Sou in,we were struck by how essential tea drinking is in these regions.In fact,Buettner’s Blue Zones Beverage Rule—a kind of guideline summarized from his15orsoyearsofstudyig these places-is:“Drink coffee for breakfast,tea in the afternoon,wine at 5 p.m.”
Science has plenty to say about the healthful virtues of green tea.Researchers are most enthusiastic about the components in green tea,as well as foods like cocoa.Why might they help so many Okinawans in Japan break 100?Some components in green tea can lower the risk of stroke,heart disease and several cancers.One review study also found that drinking green tea can slightly improve metabolism(新陈代谢).
If you find yourself on the island of lkaria,the Greek Blue Zone in the middle of the Aegean,you wont be offered any
tea made with tea leaves.Instead,Ikarians typically make their daily cup of tea with just one fresh herb that they have picked themselves that day-either rosemary,wild sage,oregano,marjoram,mint or dandelion,all plants that may have anti-inflammatory(消炎的)properties,which may help lower blood pressure.This could explain Ikaria’s very low dementia(痴呆)rate,since high blood pressure is a risk factor for the disease.
52.What does the underlined word“centenarians”in Paragraph 1 refer to?
A.People who have secret lifestyles.
B.People who enjoy physical exercise.
C.People who are one hundred years old or older.
D.People who carry the gene for being slim.
【解析】由第二段第一句中的“vetobe100havealot going for them”可知,centenarians指的是“百岁老人”,故选C。
53.According to Paragraph 3,what is the recommended time for tea drinking?
A.In the morning.
B.Anytime of a day.
C.In the early evening.
D.In the afternoon.
【解析】由第三段最后一句中的“tea in the afternoon”可知,喝茶的建议时间是下午,故选D。
54.What may the tea Ikarians drink daily help?
A.To improve metabolism.
B.To lower blood pressure
C.To lower life stress.
D.To improve social relationships.
【解析】由第五段第二句中的“Ikarians typically make their daily cup of tea…may help lower blood pressure”可知,
55.What might be the best title of the passage?
A.Tea-Drinking Tips
B.Lifestyle Secrets of Ikarians.
C.Tea-Drinking Ceremony in Okinawa
D.Blue Zones Solutions.
V.Daily Conversation(15 points)
Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet。
A.Can Is peak to Mr.Johnson,please
B.I’ll tell him you’ve called
C.I’II give him the message
D.What can I do for you
E.Can you tell him that we can meet tomorrow afternoon in my office
F.Can I take a message
G.Can you ask him to call me back as soon as possible
H.That’s right
Woman:Hello, Mr.Johnson’s office.
Man:Good morning._56_?
Woman:Sorry,he’s in a meeting at the moment_57_?
Man:Yes.This is Steve Lee from Bright light Systems._58_?
Woman:Tomorrow afternoon in your office?
Man:Thank you.
Ⅵ.Writing(25 points)
Directions:For this part,you are
supposed to write an essay in English in 100-120 words based on the following information.Remember to write it clearly.
61.你(Li Yuan) 组织同学进行了一次烧烤野餐(barbecue) 。请给你的英国朋友Tim写一封电子邮件,内容包括:

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